What are the types of Sprinkler Irrigation System?
Types of Sprinkler Irrigation System : Irrigation is an essential aspect of agriculture, and sprinkler irrigation systems have become increasingly popular in recent years. These systems are designed to distribute water evenly over a large area, mimicking natural rainfall. There are several types of sprinkler irrigation systems available, each with its advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we will explore the various types of sprinkler irrigation systems and their unique features.
Types of Sprinkler Irrigation System
Here are the types Sprinkler Irrigation System –
1) Center Pivot Sprinkler Irrigation
Center pivot sprinkler irrigation is one of the most common types of sprinkler irrigation systems. It involves a central pivot point that rotates around a field, distributing water through a set of sprinklers attached to the pivot arm. This system is ideal for large, flat fields and can be used to irrigate a wide range of crops.
2) Lateral Move Sprinkler Irrigation
Lateral move sprinkler irrigation is similar to center pivot irrigation but uses a series of pipes or hoses instead of a central pivot point. The system is moved manually or using a tractor or motorized vehicle, and sprinklers attached to the hoses distribute water evenly over the field. This system is ideal for fields with irregular shapes or terrain.
3) Traveling Gun Sprinkler Irrigation
The traveling gun sprinkler irrigation system is a portable system that uses a large sprinkler gun mounted on a wheeled cart or trailer. The system is connected to a water source and moved manually or using a motorized vehicle. This system is ideal for irregularly shaped fields or areas where there is limited access to electricity or water.
4) Drip Irrigation with Sprinkler Head
Drip irrigation with sprinkler head is a hybrid system that combines the efficiency of drip irrigation with the coverage of sprinkler irrigation. The system uses a network of drip lines with sprinkler heads attached to distribute water evenly over a field. This system is ideal for fields with irregular shapes or slopes.
5) Solid Set Sprinkler Irrigation
Solid set sprinkler irrigation is a fixed system that uses sprinkler heads mounted on permanent or semi-permanent pipes. The system is ideal for areas where irrigation is required frequently, and the fields have consistent shapes and sizes. This system is commonly used for orchards, vineyards, and other permanent crops.
In conclusion, there are several types of sprinkler irrigation systems available, each with its advantages and disadvantages. The choice of system depends on several factors, including the shape and size of the field, the type of crop being grown, and the availability of water and electricity. By selecting the right system, farmers can ensure that their crops receive the water they need to thrive, resulting in healthy plants and higher yields.