What is a septic tank?
What is septic tank in house? – A septic tank is an underground chamber or container used in homes and buildings that are not connected to a public sewage system. It is a common type of on-site sewage disposal system used in rural areas or areas where public sewage systems are not available.
The septic tank is designed to receive and treat wastewater from the building’s toilets, sinks, showers, and other plumbing fixtures. It works by allowing the wastewater to separate into three layers inside the tank. The heavier solids settle to the bottom and form a sludge layer, while the lighter materials, such as oil and grease, float to the top and form a scum layer. The middle layer, which is mostly water, flows out of the tank and into a drain field for further treatment.
The bacteria present in the tank help to break down the organic matter in the sludge and scum layers over time. However, septic tanks require regular maintenance and periodic pumping to remove the accumulated sludge and scum layers. Failure to maintain a septic tank can lead to backups, odors, and even damage to the system or the environment.
Septic tanks are typically made of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic and come in different sizes and shapes depending on the size of the building and the amount of wastewater generated. Proper installation, operation, and maintenance of a septic tank are essential to ensure the safe and effective treatment of wastewater on-site.